AI Chatbot For Healthcare: Use Cases, Benefits & Risks Of AI

Chatbots in Healthcare: Improving Patient Engagement and Experience

chatbot technology in healthcare

Depending on the products being sold, those conversations can range in topic from basic pricing questions to more advanced marketing-driven dialog designed to address items abandoned in a shopping cart. Instead of existing on their lives site, this chatbot operates in the Kik messaging app, which is actively used by 40% of US teenagers (the brand’s core demographic). Chatbots must be regularly updated and maintained to ensure their accuracy and reliability. Healthcare providers can overcome this challenge by investing in a dedicated team to manage bots and ensure they are up-to-date with the latest healthcare information. Most emergency situations require professional intervention, but there are times when patients can benefit from a quick self-assessment.

  • And more healthcare business owners will be opting for this technology to deliver more user-friendly services.
  • One example of a task-oriented chatbot is a medical chatbot called Omaolo developed by the Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), which is an online symptom assessment tool (e-questionnaire) (Atique et al. 2020, p. 2464; THL 2020).
  • Table 1 presents an overview of other characteristics and features of included apps.
  • It can act upon the new information directly, remember whatever it has understood and wait to see what happens next, require more context information or ask for clarification.

They are not companions of the user, but they get information and pass them on to the user. They can have a personality, can be friendly, and will probably remember information about the user, but they are not obliged or expected to do so. Intrapersonal chatbots exist within the personal domain of the user, such as chat apps like Messenger, Slack, and WhatsApp. Inter-agent chatbots become omnipresent while all chatbots will require some inter-chatbot communication possibilities. One of the key elements of expertise and its recognition is that patients and others can trust the opinions and decisions offered by the expert/professional. However, in the case of chatbots, ‘the most important factor for explaining trust’ (Nordheim et al. 2019, p. 24) seems to be expertise.

What’s the most common flaw causing a chatbot to fail?

This relieving of pressure on contact centres is especially important in the present COVID-19 situation (Dennis et al. 2020, p. 1727), thus making chatbots cost-effective. However, one of the key elements for bots to be trustworthy—that is, the ability to function effectively with a patient—‘is that people believe that they have expertise’ (Nordheim et al. 2019). A survey on Omaolo (Pynnönen et al. 2020, p. 25) concluded that users were more likely to be in compliance with and more trustworthy about HCP decisions.

But, before you approach a technology partner to develop a chatbot for your healthcare facility, it is important to know the different types of chatbots in healthcare. The recent technological advancement has brought a drastic change in healthcare industry. It has made the patient care landscape more efficient for everyone to get help from medical professionals. “If chatbots are patients’ so-called ‘first touch’ with the health care system, we really need to understand how they experience them and what the effects could be on trust and compassion,” Moore says. Now that we know what medical chatbots are and how they can be used within healthcare.

Advanced Healthcare Chatbot Use Cases

In the healthcare field, in addition to the above-mentioned Woebot, there are numerous chatbots, such as Your.MD, HealthTap, Cancer Chatbot, VitaminBot, Babylon Health, Safedrugbot and Ada Health (Palanica et al. 2019). One example of a task-oriented chatbot is a medical chatbot called Omaolo developed by the Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), which is an online symptom assessment tool (e-questionnaire) (Atique et al. 2020, p. 2464; THL 2020). The chatbot is available in Finnish, Swedish and English, and it currently administers 17 separate symptom assessments.

chatbot technology in healthcare

Nonetheless, chatbots hold great potential to complement telemedicine by streamlining medical administration and autonomizing patient encounters. Health-focused apps with chatbots (“healthbots”) have a critical role in addressing gaps in quality healthcare. There is limited evidence on how such healthbots are developed and applied in practice. Our review of healthbots aims to classify types of healthbots, contexts of use, and their natural language processing capabilities. Eligible apps were those that were health-related, had an embedded text-based conversational agent, available in English, and were available for free download through the Google Play or Apple iOS store. Apps were assessed using an evaluation framework addressing chatbot characteristics and natural language processing features.


A chatbot integrated into the IT framework of a hospital can monitor available slots and manage patient appointments with doctors and nurses in a click. The process of filing insurance inquiries and claims is standardized and takes a lot of time to complete. By using data collected by chatbots, insurers and hospitals can work together to quickly process claims and detect fraud. Let’s take a moment to look at the areas of healthcare where custom medical chatbots have proved their worth. Another crucial aspect to consider here are the ethical constraints when consulting on sensitive matters.

The literature review and chatbot search were all conducted by a single reviewer, which could have potentially introduced bias and limited findings. In addition, our review explored a broad range of health care topics, and some areas could have been elaborated upon and explored more deeply. Furthermore, only a limited number of studies were included for each subtopic of chatbots for oncology apps because of the scarcity of studies addressing this topic. Future studies should consider refining the search strategy to identify other potentially relevant sources that may have been overlooked and assign multiple reviews to limit individual bias. These categories are not exclusive, as chatbots may possess multiple characteristics, making the process more variable. Textbox 1 describes some examples of the recommended apps for each type of chatbot but are not limited to the ones specified.

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A secondary factor in persuasiveness, satisfaction, likelihood of following the agent’s advice and likelihood of use was the type of agent, with participants reporting that they viewed chatbots more positively in comparison with human agents. One of the positive aspects is that healthcare organisations struggling to meet user demand for screening services can provide new patient services. However, one of the downsides is patients’ overconfidence in the ability of chatbots, which can undermine confidence in physician evaluations. COVID-19 screening is considered an ideal application for chatbots because it is a well-structured process that involves asking patients a series of clearly defined questions and determining a risk score (Dennis et al. 2020). For instance, in California, the Occupational Health Services did not have the resources to begin performing thousands of round-the-clock symptom screenings at multiple clinical sites across the state (Judson et al. 2020).

They became so popular because there are many advantages of chatbots for users and developers too. Most implementations are platform-independent and instantly available to users without needed installations. Contact to the chatbot is spread through a user’s social graph without leaving the messaging app the chatbot lives in, which provides and guarantees the user’s identity. Moreover, payment services are integrated into the messaging system and can be used safely and reliably and a notification system re-engages inactive users. Chatbots are integrated with group conversations or shared just like any other contact, while multiple conversations can be carried forward in parallel. Knowledge in the use of one chatbot is easily transferred to the usage of other chatbots, and there are limited data requirements.

7 Access to Patients

In order to effectively process speech, they need to be trained prior to release. AI-enabled chatbots can be used to check patients’ symptoms online, book appointments, contact doctors via video call, or answer simple medical questions. In today’s technology-driven world, every industry is leveraging the power of AI, and the medical industry is no different. Chatbots for healthcare can automate repetitive and mundane tasks, so healthcare experts can focus on complex ones.

Further refinements and large-scale implementations are still required to determine the benefits across different populations and sectors in health care [26]. Although overall satisfaction is found to be relatively high, there is still room for improvement by taking into account user feedback tailored to the patient’s changing needs during recovery. In combination with wearable technology and affordable software, chatbots have great potential to affect patient monitoring solutions.

Health consultation chatbots

It’s important to comply with the laws and regulations that govern the area of healthcare covered by the chatbot. AI chatbots for healthcare have multiple applications, but building one comes with responsibilities. If you want to know how healthcare organizations can use modern technologies to stay ahead, contact Inferenz experts today. Our professionals will help you in your health tech project or answer your questions related to chatbots for healthcare deployment. Chatbots can offer symptom checking to patients without them having to leave their homes.

Conversational chatbots with different intelligence levels can understand the questions of the user and provide answers based on pre-defined labels in the training data. Chatbot algorithms are trained on massive healthcare data, including disease symptoms, diagnostics, markers, and available treatments. Public datasets are chatbot technology in healthcare used to continuously train chatbots, such as COVIDx for COVID-19 diagnosis, and Wisconsin Breast Cancer Diagnosis (WBCD). Thus, depending on the chatbot technology, the cost may vary for the development. This is why all healthcare industry experts suggest hiring an experienced technology partner to build your project.

chatbot technology in healthcare

The language was restricted to “English” for the iOS store and “English” and “English (UK)” for the Google Play store. The search was further limited using the Interactive Advertising Bureau (IAB) categories “Medical Health” and “Healthy Living”. The IAB develops industry standards to support categorization in the digital advertising industry; 42Matters labeled apps using these standards40. Relevant apps on the iOS Apple store were identified; then, the Google Play store was searched with the exclusion of any apps that were also available on iOS, to eliminate duplicates.

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Posted: Fri, 15 Sep 2023 13:00:00 GMT [source]